Introduction to Sociology
- Mohammed Aji Wajiro |
Sociology is an A’ level course, probably you have just met the field or title Sociology here for the first time. Don’t worry, I am assuring you, before you complete this course, your human instincts to explore daily realities that are taken for granted, for example, having culture or coming from families, holding some forms of religious beliefs and going to schools to acquire knowledge, will be sharpened and you will be able to re-questions these taken-for-granted social realities and why they are what they are and how and why they change over time. This course will give you a general background information on Sociology as field of knowledge. You must have learnt about culture, family and religion of people in or outside Nigeria in your previous stages of scholarship. Sociology is more than just the study of culture, religion and family and other social things; Sociology is a scientific inquiry into nature of humans’ relations and institutions human build overtime to support such relationships and how such interplay into producing the nature of the society. The course Sociology summarily deals with human behaviour and actions as a product of cultures (mainly knowledge, language and homesteads, tools, and other material resources people use) and cultural values (such as kindness, love, affections, support, generosity etc.) held by people in societies. People are a product of their environment producing their cultures and institutions such as family, religion, education that emerged overtime. These institutions interact and depend on each other to produce order and sometimes disorder. These institutions and their functions changes or were modified with consequences on people and relationships in the society. Sociology is a broad field of knowledge about human behaviour and actions understood from the scientific angle. Sociology is distinguished from our normative ways of looking at the society, for its emphases course and scientific methods (such as observation, experimentation, comparison and historical analysis) in its study and description of societies. More importantly, sociologists stress the principle of objectivity, factuality and logic in analysis and interpretations of behaviours, social issues and events towards prescribing solutions to them.
At the end of this course, I can assure that you will find knowledge of Sociology handy and helpful in helping you understand cultural issues and how they emanate and affect social relations and the consequences there from. This courseware has nine Modules, which run through the introduction (providing general introduction to Sociology), social group and society, social institutions, culture, socialisation, social stratification, indicators of social class, deviant behavior, to social control.